2 nouvelles publications sur les effects des micronutriments
Un premier article publié dans Nutrients en décembre 2019
» The Potential Synergistic Modulation of AMPK by Lippia citriodora Compounds as a Target in Metabolic Disorders »
par M. Olivares-Vicente et al. est le fruit d’une collaboration entre le LaPEC (C. Riva) et l’Institut de Biologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire et le Département de Biologie Appliquée et Nutrition, Institut de Bio-ingénierie, de Université Miguel Hernandez, Elche, Espagne.
Abstract: Lippia citriodora (LC) represents a complex plant-derived source of polyphenols and iridoids that has shown beneficial properties against obesity-related metabolic disorders. The complete extract and its major compound, verbascoside, have shown AMPK-activating capacity in cell and animal models. In this work, we aimed to elucidate the contribution of the different compounds present in the LC extract on the AMPK activation capacity of the whole extract. Semipreparative reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (RP-HPLC-ESI-TOF-MS) was used to identify the major compounds with bioassay-guided fractionation in an adipocyte cell model for the measurement of AMPK activity. Twenty-two compounds were identified and purified almost to homogeneity in 16 fractions, and three compounds, namely verbascoside, luteolin-7-diglucuronide and loganic acid, showed the highest AMPK-activating capacity. The synergy study using the checkerboard and fractional inhibitory concentration index (FICI) methods exhibited synergistic behavior between loganic acid and luteolin-7-diglucuronide. Molecular docking experiments revealed that these three compounds might act as direct agonists of AMPK, binding to the AMP binding sites of the gamma subunit and/or the different sites of the interaction zones between the gamma and beta subunits. Although our findings conclude that the bioactivity of the extract is mainly due to verbascoside, the synergy found between loganic acid and luteolin-7-diglucuronide deserves further research aimed to develop optimized combinations of polyphenols as a new nutritional strategy against obesity-related metabolic disorders.
Un 2è article aussi dans Nutrients de janvier 2020
« Vitamin D Supplementation Improves Adipose Tissue Inflammation and Reduces Hepatic Steatosis in Obese C57BL/6J Mice «
de A. Marziou et al. sur co-direction entre le LaPEC (C. Riva) et le C2VN, Marseille ( J-F Landrier) .
Abstract: The beneficial effect of vitamin D (VD) supplementation on body weight gain limitation and inflammation has been highlighted in primary prevention mice models, but the long-term effect of VD supplementation in tertiary prevention has never been reported in obesity models. The curative effect of VD supplementation on obesity and associated disorders was evaluated in high-fat- and high-sucrose (HFS)-fed mice. Morphological, histological, and molecular phenotype were characterized. The increased body mass and adiposity caused by HFS diet as well as fat cell hypertrophy and glucose homeostasis were not improved by VD supplementation. However, VD supplementation led to a decrease of HFS-induced inflammation in inguinal adipose tissue, characterized by a decreased expression of chemokine mRNA levels. Moreover, a protective effect of VD on HFS-induced hepatic steatosis was highlighted by a decrease of lipid droplets and a reduction of triglyceride accumulation in the liver. This result was associated with a significant decrease of gene expression coding for key enzymes involved in hepatic de novo lipogenesis and fatty acid oxidation. Altogether, our results show that VD supplementation could be of interest to blunt the adipose tissue inflammation and hepatic steatosis and could represent an interesting nutritional strategy to fight obesity-associated comorbidities.